Epidemics Like Corona Virus From Ancient to Modern Times

Epidemics Like Corona Virus From Ancient Times to Modern Times, The History

History of COVID -19 Like Pandemics

Along with the origin of life on earth, there is also the origin of plants, animals, bacteria and viruses. Bacteria and viruses are thought to have originated millions of years before humans. Plants, animals, bacteria and viruses have an equal and coordinating role in balancing the ecosystem. If the balance between plants, animals, bacteria and viruses is disturbed, bacteria and viruses can attack animals at any time and in any form.

The epidemics of Kovid-19 are examples of this, from the epidemics that have appeared in different periods of world history to date. ‘Not all bacteria, viruses and parasites cause disease, some are beneficial to the human race and some cause a variety of diseases. New and old bacteria or viruses that cause the same disease sometimes take the form of epidemics. '(Dr. Jhalak Gautam) The Kovid-19 epidemic is the latest link in this.

From prehistoric times to modern times, epidemics have occurred due to various diseases. Here is a brief discussion of some of the historical epidemics that have occurred from ancient times to modern times:

1. Prehistoric Epidemics

In 3000 BC, epidemics in the archeological sites of Hemin Mangha and Miaojigoyu in southern China destroyed entire settlements. The epidemic killed all the people living in the area and the settlement was turned into a graveyard. This area of ​​China is listed as a World Heritage Site today.

2. Plague of Athens

Fever epidemic broke out in Athens in 430 BC. The epidemic, which lasted for five years, killed 100,000 people. In the battle between Athens and Sparta, the Spartan army forced the Athenian troops to take refuge behind forts called "long walls" to defend their city. Due to the war, an increasing number of soldiers had spread the epidemic. The epidemic weakened and Athens lost to Sparta.

3. Antonine Plague

The Antonine Plague, recorded in world history, was a devastating epidemic that spread between 165 and 180. The epidemic was spread in the Roman Empire by Roman armies returning from the war with Parthia during the Roman Empire.

The epidemic severely affected the Roman Empire, as well as Asia, Greece, and Italy. The epidemic is estimated to have killed more than five million people. This epidemic weakened the Roman Empire.

4. Cyprian Plague

The Cyprian Plague epidemic that spread from 250-271 AD caused panic in Europe. The epidemic killed 5,000 people a day in Rome alone. The epidemic led to a decline in food production due to a lack of people and a famine in the Roman Empire. The epidemic was described by St. Cyprian, a pastor in the Tunisian city of Carthage, as a "sign of the end of the world." That is why the epidemic got its name from the Cypriot plague.

5. Justinian Plague

This epidemic spread from 541 to 542 and severely affected Asia, North Africa, Arabia and Europe. During the reign of the Benzatine Emperor (527–565), the Benzatine Empire spread from the Middle East to Western Europe. Emperor Justinian built a large church called Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) in Constantinople (now Istanbul), the capital of the empire. The epidemic, which spread from the capital of the Benzatine Empire, has killed an estimated 50 million people, reducing the world's population by 10 percent.

6. Black Death

(1346–1353): The Beauvais plague, which spread from 1347 to 1351, is known as the Black Death. The epidemic, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, originated from mice and was transmitted to humans through flies. The epidemic spread from Asia to Europe and around the world. In October 1347, 12 ships came to a halt at the port of Messina in Sicily, Italy, crossing the Black Sea. A gruesome sight was seen inside the wrecked ship. Most of the passengers on the ship were already dead, while the surviving passengers were covered in black foam made of blood and pus.

The epidemic that swept through the city after the rats entered the city killed 200 million people worldwide. In Europe alone, more than 20 million people, a third of the population, died. It took 200 years for Europe's population to return to normal. Historians believe that the epidemic changed the course of Europe. People did not know the origin, prevention and treatment of this disease. The Venetian-controlled city of Rasuga, after realizing that the disease would not be transmitted if the sick person did not come close, made it a rule to keep the passengers on the ship in solitary confinement for 30 days (later made 40 days), which was called quarantine. This is a prelude to the current quarantine. That's it.

7. American Plague

This epidemic spread from the European continent to the American continent from 1511 to 1532. It is estimated that more than 18 million people have died from the epidemic, which is characterized by nose-to-ear bleeding and high fever. The epidemic killed 90 to 95 percent of the indigenous peoples of the Western Hemisphere and destroyed the Aztec civilization and the Inca civilization.

8. The Coco Lizli Epidemic

The S. coli of the Salmonella subgroup during the period 1545–1548. The parasite-infected epidemic, which began in Mexico, has killed an estimated 18 million people worldwide.

9. The Great Plague of London

The epidemic, which spread from April 1665 to September 1666, killed 100,000 people. The epidemic killed 15 percent of Londoners.

10. The Great Plague of Marseille (1729–1723)

An epidemic spread from the city of Marseille, France, to infected rats on a ship called the Grand St. Antoine, carrying cargo from the Middle East, killing 100,000 people in and around Marseilles Were

11. Russian Plague

From 1770 to 1772, an epidemic in the Russian city of Moscow killed 100,000 people. The government had to move all factories out of Moscow because of the epidemic.

12. Spanish Flu (1918–1920)

The Spanish flu epidemic spread soon after World War I. The epidemic affected more than 500 million people, a third of the world's population at the time, and killed between 50 million and 100 million people.

The epidemic killed more than 65 million people in India alone, 4 million to 9.4 million in China, 1.5 million in Indonesia, 900,000 to 2.4 million in Iran, 675,000 in the United States and 400,000 in Japan.

There is also an interesting story about the epidemic being called the Spanish flu. The epidemic did not spread from Spain to the Spanish flu. In World War I, Britain, France and Russia had one alliance and Germany, Austria, Hungary and Italy had another. But Spain was not part of any coalition. He was neutral.

In World War I, there was a kind of ban on the press in the countries that joined the alliance. No material was published to demoralize the army. The news of the epidemic, which began in a military camp, was not made public in the media of war-torn nations.

But neutral Spain, which was not involved in the war, had relatively free press. Therefore, the Spanish media has made public the factual information about this epidemic, so the name of this epidemic has become Spanish flu.

13. Beefer

From 1520 to 1600, the epidemic spread to Europe, South America, Asia, Arabia and other parts of the world, killing 56 million people and leaving the survivors with various scars and disabilities.

In the Western Hemisphere, 90 to 95 percent of Indigenous peoples died in the United States and Mexico, and the Iztec and Inca civilizations were wiped out. The disease has killed many people in Nepal at different times and left many disabled. The disease has been eradicated since the vaccine was discovered.

14. Cholera

The cholera epidemic that started in India from 1840 to 1860 spread to Asia, Europe, North America, Africa and all over the world. The epidemic killed one million people.

Millions of people have died of cholera in different parts of the world at different times. There is a history of many people dying from this disease in Nepal at different times. According to the World Health Organization, the disease affects 1.3 million to 4 million people each year and kills more than 100,000 people each year.

15. HIV-AIDS (since 1981)

The disease that has spread from chimpanzees to humans in West Africa has so far killed 35 million people and infected more than 70 million. So far no vaccine has been found. The disease is treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART).

16. Swine Flu (2009-2010)

The disease, which spread from Mexico to the rest of the world, has killed an estimated 152,000 to 575,000 people so far. Vaccines have been discovered to infect humans from pigs.

17. West African Ebola (2014-2016)

The epidemic is spread by the Ebola virus transmitted from monkeys to humans. The epidemic, which spread from the African country of Guinea, killed 11,325 people in Europe, Africa and the Americas between 2014 and 2016.

18. Asian Flu (1957-1958)

A pandemic that spreads from China to Singapore, Hong Kong and the rest of the world, killing more than 1.1 million people, including 116,000 in the United States alone.

19. Hong Kong Flue

The epidemic, which spread from July to September 1968, began in Hong Kong and spread to Vietnam, Singapore and the United States. The disease killed one million people. Most people in the age group of 45 years and older patients were most affected by the disease.

20. SARS Corona - Sun

In 2003, the disease spread to 26 countries, killing more than 700 people.

21. MERS Corona

The disease that struck African countries in the Middle East in 2012 killed more than 700 people.

22. Zika Virus (2015 to date)

The disease is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito called Acet azepti and is transmitted by the Zika virus. The disease, which spreads from Brazil, has infected more than 4 million people in 24 countries and has so far killed more than 85,000 people.

23. Malaria

Malaria has been affecting humans since its inception. In 1880, Laverne, a French military physician, discovered that the cause of malaria was a protozoan parasite. For this he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1907.

The disease, which spreads to the tropics of Asia, Africa and the Americas, affects millions of people each year and kills between one and three million people each year.

The parasite is transmitted from one person to another by the Anopheles mosquito. Millions of people have died of malaria so far. Due to malaria

Many people had died in Nepal at different times. Although malaria has now been eradicated, it has appeared sporadically around the world.

24. Covid-19 Epidemic

The Covid epidemic, which has been raging since the second week of December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, has so far affected 120 countries and territories around the world, as well as two ships.

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared Covid-19 a "public health crisis of international concern" on January 3, 2020, and an epidemic on March 11, 2020. A 33-year-old Nepali student who returned to Nepal from Wuhan, China on December 6, 2076 was found to be positive for Covid-19 on January 30. As soon as Kovid-19 was registered as an infected nation, Nepal closed its international border and started international and domestic flights in the face of Kovid-19. It has been extended till April 10, 2010.

Looking at the latest status of the Kovid-19 epidemic, it seems that the developed and powerful nations of the world, including the United States, which is the world's superpower, have been most affected by the Kovid-19 epidemic. To date, 224,000 people worldwide have died from the disease. The Kovid-19 epidemic is still under control in Nepal, with no deaths from Kovid-19. But the NRN has given the sad information that 54 Nepalis have died so far in the United States, United Kingdom, UAE, Turkey, Ireland, Netherlands and Japan.

As the first responsibility of the state is to protect its citizens, the Government of Nepal should make every effort and initiative to ensure that the government is with them to save the lives of Nepali citizens living abroad.